The archaeological site of Pupput

Pupput is an ancient city lying about three kilometers to the north-west of the medina of Hammamet and that today is submerged by the tourist zone built over the major part of the archaeological site.

It was probably a satellite town of its neighbour Neapolis. Pupput was mentioned for the first time in 168 when it was promoted to municipium governed by an elected council. It seems to have gained some importance during the II and IIIrd centuries when it spread considerably and acquired a great many public monuments.

During the Middle ages, the city was defended by a Byzantine citadel. After the Arab conquest, the city took the name of Qasr Zaid before being taken and ravaged in 1303 by Catalan pirates. This signalled the end of the city over whose ruins the charcoal burners from neighbouring Hammamet came to settle.

“Salvage excavations” carried out by archaeologists after chance discoveries made during terracing work revealed a part of a necropolis and a large residential quarter including houses, baths and waterworks. Funerary furnishings and architectural decorative elements were excavated, in particular mosaic pavements indicating a refined lifestyle.


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