This is one of the strangest and most surprising
monuments, not only of the island of Jerba but
of all Tunisia’s ancient architectural heritage.
Seen from afar, in the Jerbian “countryside”,
it has the harmonious appearance of the island’s
religious monuments; but from close up its peculiar
layout is somewhat surprising.
The XIVth century monument, consists of three
• a prayer room standing in the middle of
a closed courtyard, its floor covered with a lime-based
• inside ancillary rooms including a main
room that was devoted to teaching of the Koran,
flanked by two small rooms, one was a bedroom
and the other a storeroom for food supplies;
• Outbuildings including an ablutions room
and a Koranic school, on the other side of which
was a grain mill and an underground bakery!
The massive prayer room with a squat minaret,
its external walls reinforced with buttresses,
betrays military connections: the Fadhloun mosque
was part of a chain of mosques not far from the
coast that formed a second line of defence in
case of enemy attack.