In short, a Kasbah is an official
fortified residence, often defended by armed guards.
It can be the dwelling of a sovereign (for example
the Tunis Kasbah, not much of which has survived)
or that of the representative of authority in
a province. By extension, the word has come to
designate the quarter adjoining the building.
In fact, all North African towns have their
Kasbah. Their use spread in the XIIth century
under the Almohad dynasty established in present
day Morocco. In time, they were integrated into
larger defensive works comprising fortifications
and ramparts. This is the case, particularly,
of the Sfax Kasbah that today is a monument flanked
by two towers and an artillery bastion dating
to the XVIth century and is located in the continuity
of the city walls.
The Kasbah was painstakingly restored and has
now recovered its original majesty.